FCL 2: Multi-Scale Energy Systems for Low Carbon Cities (MuSES)
|Duration||2016 – ongoing|
Singapore ETH Centre for Global Environmental Sustainability (SEC)
National Research Foundation Singapore
|Key Partners||Prof. Dr. Francois Maréchal, EPFL Lausanne|
|A/S Team||A. Schlueter, J. Fonseca
Singapore’s National Research Foundation awarded funding to ETH Zurich’s Singapore-ETH Centre for a second five-year phase of the Future Cities Laboratory Program (FCL). The second phase commenced in September 2015 and addresses the challenges of sustainable urban development from an Asian perspective.
In the context of rapid urbanization in Asia, Singapore is uniquely placed as a city that is almost fully urbanised, and has managed that process with great success. As Singapore now strives towards higher standards of liveability, resilience and sustainability for its citizens, it also stands as a valuable case for responsible urban development for other regions in Asia. FCL aims to develop the new knowledge, technologies, and approaches to urban development that will be needed to balance energy and resource consumption with social equity and environmental quality in general, with specific reference to Asia.
In the past five years, FCL has attracted researchers from Switzerland, Singapore, and 30 other countries, shaping a distinctive research culture and becoming a significant knowledge hub for international scholarship on urban forms, technologies, and processes. The second phase of FCL will strengthen this culture further, bringing together some 100 architects, designers, urban planners, transport planners, engineers, computer scientists, ecologists, psychologists, and urban historians. The research projects planned will be structured around three conceptual types of city: the compact city characterised by high density and mixed use, the responsive, or ‘smart’ city that makes full use of modern technologies to improve planning and management and the extended or horizontal mega city.
As part of the Scenario ‘Mixed-use, High Density Cities’, the project ‘Multi-scale Energy Systems for Low Carbon Cities’ (MuSES) aims at identifying future demand and low carbon supply systems (thermal, electrical) for mixed-use, high-density city quarters with special focus on leveraging synergies between urban development, urban design and energy systems for the efficient and sustainable supply. This entails:
- Identifying quantities and qualities of building energy demand dependent on development scenarios and dynamic use patterns
- Modelling, analyzing and optimizing energy systems for efficient and sustainable supply (electricity, cooling/dehumidification)
- Developing synergetic scenarios using spatial and programmatic data
- Analysing and evaluating energy systems behaviour in order to achieve robustness and resilience
- Translating energy system designs into supply network and synthesis with urban morphologies
MuSES explores the interactions between urban and energy systems design from the building to the district scale. This is especially relevant in the Southeast Asian context, where urbanization is rapid and highly dense, and mixed-use urban typologies are common. To address this, MuSES expands the Low-Exergy approach under research in the first phase of Future Cities Laboratory in three directions:
- System: expanding the systems approach for highly efficient building RES and HVAC technologies
- Scale: extending the scope of energy and climate systems from building to district scale
- Synergy: exploring interactions and synergies of multi-scale energy systems with urban development and design
A Singapore-based case study will be used to explore these three aspects, utilizing novel spatial toolsets for energy modelling and analysis such as the City Energy Analyst Toolbox (CEA Toolbox) [Fonseca et. al., 2016a & Fonseca et. al., 2016b].
Additional information on our contribution to the first phase of FCL is provided under FCL 1: Low Exergy
- Fonseca, Jimeno, T.-A. Nguyen, Arno Schlueter, and François Marechal. "City Energy Analyst (CEA): Integrated framework for analysis and optimization of building energy systems in neighborhoods and city districts," in: Energy and Buildings, 113 (2016a): 202–226.
- Fonseca, Jimeno, Daren Thomas, Anja Willmann, Amr Elesawy, and Arno Schlueter. "The City Energy Analyst Toolbox V0.1," in: SBE 2016 – Expanding Boundaries: Systems Thinking in the Built Environmnent Vol. 17 (2016b) 1–6. Zurich: ETH Zurich.